Knowledge and care regarding long-term cardiovascular risk after hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and gestational diabetes

Publikation: Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift (peer-reviewed)Artikel in Fachzeitschrift

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Adverse pregnancy outcomes (APO), such as preeclampsia (PE) and gestational diabetes (GDM) are substantial risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) later in life. Identifying these high-risk female individuals during pregnancy offers the possibility of preventing long-term CVD and chronic kidney disease via a structured therapeutic and surveillance plan. We aimed to evaluate the current practice of postpartum care in women after APO and the impact on the women's awareness about their future risk for CVD.

METHODS: Women diagnosed with PE and GDM at the University Hospital of St. Poelten/Lilienfeld between 2015-2020 were identified and participated in a structured telephone interview about postpartum medical care and knowledge about the impact of APOs on long-term cardiovascular health.

RESULTS: Of 161 out of the 750 women contacted, 29% (n = 46) were diagnosed with PE and 71% (n = 115) with GDM. One third of all women and up to 44% of women diagnosed with PE, were unaware that APOs are related to CVD. Women diagnosed with PE were less likely to receive postpartum care information than those with GDM (30.4% vs. 49.6%, p = 0.027), and only one third of all women after APOs were counselled by a physician or healthcare professional. Of the women 50% received recommendations regarding lifestyle changes after delivery; significantly more women with GDM than women with PE (54% vs. 37%, p = 0.05). Only 14% had at least one long-term follow-up.

CONCLUSION: This study identified a significant deficit of structured postpartum care and a lack of awareness among women after APO and their healthcare providers about the increased risk of long-term CVD.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)110-117
Seitenumfang8
FachzeitschriftWiener Klinische Wochenschrift. The Central European Journal of Medicine
Jahrgang136
Ausgabenummer3-4
Frühes Online-Datum03 Jan. 2024
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Feb. 2024

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