In-hospital outcomes and conditions associated with coronary artery aneurysms in chronic coronary syndrome

Josip A Borovac, Adnan I Qureshi, Maximilian Will, Konstantin Schwarz, Aleksandra Gasecka, Chun Shing Kwok

Publikation: Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift (peer-reviewed)Artikel in Fachzeitschrift

2 Zitate (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) are infrequent findings among patients undergoing coronary angiography and may be associated with systemic diseases.

METHODS: We analyzed the National Inpatient Sample database from 2016 to 2020 by including all patients with the admission diagnosis of the chronic coronary syndrome (CCS). We sought to determine the impact of CAA on in-hospital outcomes encompassing all-cause death, bleeding, cardiovascular complications, and stroke. Secondly, we examined the association of CAA with other relevant systemic conditions.

RESULTS: The presence of CAA was associated with a 3-fold increase in the odds of cardiovascular complications (OR 3.1, 95 % CI 2.9-3.8), however, it was associated with reduced odds of stroke (OR 0.7, 95 % CI 0.6-0.9). There was no significant impact on all-cause death and overall bleeding complications, although there appeared to be a reduction in the odds of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding associated with CAA (OR 0.6, 95 % CI 0.4-0.8). Patients with CAA vs. those without CAA had a significantly greater prevalence of extracoronary arterial aneurysms (7.9 % vs. 1.4 %), systemic inflammatory disorders (6.5 % vs. 1.1 %), connective tissue disease (1.6 % vs. 0.6 %), coronary artery dissection (1.3 % vs. 0.1 %), bicuspid aortic valve (0.8 % vs. 0.2 %), and extracoronary arterial dissection (0.3 % vs. 0.1 %). In the multivariable regression, systemic inflammatory disorders, extracoronary aneurysms, coronary artery dissection, and connective tissue diseases were independent predictors of CAA.

CONCLUSIONS: CAA in patients with CCS is associated with greater odds of cardiovascular complications during hospitalization. These patients also had a substantially greater prevalence of extracardiac vascular and systemic abnormalities.

Seiten (von - bis)7-13
FachzeitschriftCardiovascular revascularization medicine : including molecular interventions
Frühes Online-Datum24 März 2023
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Sept. 2023


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