BACKGROUND: Evidence has accumulated that birch pollen immunotherapy reduces rhinoconjunctivitis to pollen of birch homologous trees. Therapeutic efficacy has been associated with IgE-blocking IgG antibodies. We have recently shown that sera collected after 16 weeks of sublingual immunotherapy with recombinant Bet v 1 (rBet v 1-SLIT) display strong IgE-blocking bioactivity for Bet v 1. Here, we assessed whether rBet v 1-SLIT-induced IgG antibodies display cross-blocking activity to related allergens in Fagales pollen.
METHODS: IgE, IgG1 and IgG4 reactivity to recombinant Bet v 1, Aln g 1, Car b 1, Ost c 1, Cor a 1, Fag s 1, Cas s 1 and Que a 1 were assessed in pre- and post-SLIT samples of 17 individuals by ELISA. A basophil inhibition assay using stripped basophils re-sensitized with a serum pool containing high Bet v 1-specific IgE levels was established and used to assess CD63 expression in response to allergens after incubation with pre-SLIT or post-SLIT samples. IgG1 and IgG4 were depleted from post-SLIT samples to assess its contribution to IgE-cross-blocking.
RESULTS: Sublingual immunotherapy with recombinant Bet v 1 boosted cross-reactive IgE antibodies and induced IgG1 and IgG4 antibodies with inter- and intra-individually differing reactivity to the homologs. Highly variable cross-blocking activities of post-SLIT samples to the different allergens were found. IgG1 and IgG4 antibodies displayed cross-blocking activity with individual variance.
CONCLUSIONS: Our mechanistic approach suggested that immunotherapy with the reference allergen Bet v 1 induces individual repertoires of cross-reactive IgG1 and IgG4 antibodies. The cross-blocking bioactivity of these antibodies was also highly variable and neither predictable from protein homology nor IgE-cross-reactivity.
|Seiten (von - bis)||2555-2564|
|Fachzeitschrift||Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology|
|Publikationsstatus||Veröffentlicht - Aug. 2021|