Gefahr einer Mangelernährung älterer Patient_innen im Akutspital: Implikationen für die Pflegepraxis

Silvia Brunner*, Hanna Mayer, Michael Dietrich, Matthias Breidert, Karin Blum, Maria Müller-Staub

*Korrespondierende:r Autor:in für diese Arbeit

Publikation: Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift (peer-reviewed)Artikel in Fachzeitschrift

1 Zitat (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The risk of malnutrition is increased in advanced age and acute illness, and its assessment and needs-based support are part of the responsibility of nursing. Research question / objective: The following research question aims to analyse the nutritional status and possible correlations with nursing diagnoses and other patient characteristics from persons who are 80 years old and older: Which patterns in the sense of clusters can be identified concerning calorie and protein requirements and other patient characteristics? Methods: Explorative cross-sectional study with cluster analysis based on food intake protocols and nursing documentation. Patients from surgery, internal medicine and university acute geriatric care wards were included in this non-probability sample. Results: Four groups were formed out of the data from 135 patients (protein requirement coverage): Well-nourished (116 %), sufficiently-nourished (77 %), insufficiently-nourished (59 %) and poorly-nourished (40 %). A significant correlation between calorie and protein requirement coverage and treatment area has been shown. Conclusions: The degree of coverage of protein-and energy requirement is related to the treatment area and consequently to its team culture and treatment concept. Based on the characteristics of the well-nourished, a positive effect of interprofessional cooperation and systematic recording of the risk of malnutrition, as implemented in the treatment area of acute geriatric care, might be concluded.

Titel in ÜbersetzungRisk of malnutrition in elderly patients in acute hospitals-implications for nursing practice
OriginalspracheDeutsch
Seiten (von - bis)165-175
Seitenumfang11
FachzeitschriftPflege
Jahrgang35
Ausgabenummer3
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Juni 2022
Extern publiziertJa

Schlagwörter

  • acute care hospital
  • Elderly patients
  • nursing diagnoses
  • protein and calorie requirement coverage
  • risk of malnutrition
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Humans
  • Nutrition Assessment
  • Geriatric Assessment/methods
  • Hospitals
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Critical Care
  • Aged
  • Nutritional Status
  • Malnutrition/diagnosis

ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete

  • Pflege (insg.)

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