Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome in a tertiary pediatric center: safety of guideline-conforming food challenges

Samantha Wong, Lucy Duan, Alana Galper, Adelle Atkinson, Julia Upton, Thomas Eiwegger

Publikation: Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift (peer-reviewed)Brief/kurzer Abriss

2 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome is a non-IgE-mediated reaction to food that is poorly understood, and underdiagnosed. Trigger foods can belong to any food group, but are most commonly milk, soy, rice, oat, egg, and fish. In this retrospective study (2015-2020), we describe the clinical presentations and triggers of 37 children referred to tertiary hospital with a confirmed or suspected diagnosis of food protein-inducted enterocolitis. We reviewed the safety of current recommendations by looking at the outcome of 24 oral food challenges. All of these patients presented with clear cut systemic reactions including lethargy. We also assessed the severity of the reactions. Oral food challenges occurred in the hospital day unit with the majority of patients having IV access in place. Despite a clear history of FPIES with lethargy and the requirement for re-hydration of the challenged population, 21/24 (88%) of the FPIES OFCs were successful. Of the three patients who reacted, symptoms were of moderate nature, mainly vomiting. This highlights the importance of early diagnosis and a pro-active approach to performing guideline-directed oral food challenges in patients with food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Aufsatznummer54
Seiten (von - bis)54
FachzeitschriftAllergy, Asthma and Clinical Immunology
Jahrgang18
Ausgabenummer1
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Dez. 2022

ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete

  • Immunologie und Allergologie
  • Immunologie
  • Lungen- und Bronchialmedizin

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