Dose-dependent changes in real-life affective well-being in healthy community-based individuals with mild to moderate childhood trauma exposure

Oksana Berhe, Carolin Moessnang, Markus Reichert, Ren Ma, Anna Höflich, Jonas Tesarz, Christine M Heim, Ulrich Ebner-Priemer, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Heike Tost

Publikation: Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift (peer-reviewed)Artikel in Fachzeitschrift

4 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Childhood trauma exposures (CTEs) are frequent, well-established risk factor for the development of psychopathology. However, knowledge of the effects of CTEs in healthy individuals in a real life context, which is crucial for early detection and prevention of mental disorders, is incomplete. Here, we use ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to investigate CTE load-dependent changes in daily-life affective well-being and psychosocial risk profile in n = 351 healthy, clinically asymptomatic, adults from the community with mild to moderate CTE.

FINDINGS: EMA revealed significant CTE dose-dependent decreases in real-life affective valence (p = 0.007), energetic arousal (p = 0.032) and calmness (p = 0.044). Psychosocial questionnaires revealed a broad CTE-related psychosocial risk profile with dose-dependent increases in mental health risk-associated features (e.g., trait anxiety, maladaptive coping, loneliness, daily hassles; p values < 0.003) and a corresponding decrease in factors protective for mental health (e.g., life satisfaction, adaptive coping, optimism, social support; p values < 0.021). These results were not influenced by age, sex, socioeconomic status or education.

CONCLUSIONS: Healthy community-based adults with mild to moderate CTE exhibit dose-dependent changes in well-being manifesting in decreases in affective valence, calmness and energy in real life settings, as well as a range of established psychosocial risk features associated with mental health risk. This indicates an approach to early detection, early intervention, and prevention of CTE-associated psychiatric disorders in this at-risk population, using ecological momentary interventions (EMI) in real life, which enhance established protective factors for mental health, such as green space exposure, or social support.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Aufsatznummer14
Seiten (von - bis)14
FachzeitschriftBorderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
Jahrgang10
Ausgabenummer1
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 20 Apr. 2023

ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete

  • Psychiatrie und psychische Gesundheit
  • Klinische Psychologie
  • Biologische Psychiatrie

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