Critical Loss of Primary Implant Stability in Osteosynthesis Locking Screws under Cyclic Overloading

Juan d. Silva-Henao*, Sophie Schober, Dieter h. Pahr, Andreas g. Reisinger

*Korrespondierende:r Autor:in für diese Arbeit

Publikation: Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift (peer-reviewed)Artikel in Fachzeitschrift


Primary implant stability, which refers to the stability of the implant during the initial healing period is a crucial factor in determining the long-term success of the implant and lays the foundation for secondary implant stability achieved through osseointegration. Factors affecting primary stability include implant design, surgical technique, and patient-specific factors like bone quality and morphology. In vivo, the cyclic nature of anatomical loading puts osteosynthesis locking screws under dynamic loads, which can lead to the formation of micro cracks and defects that slowly degrade the mechanical connection between the bone and screw, thus compromising the initial stability and secondary stability of the implant. Monotonic quasi-static loading used for testing the holding capacity of implanted screws is not well suited to capture this behavior since it cannot capture the progressive deterioration of peri‑implant bone at small displacements. In order to address this issue, this study aims to determine a critical point of loss of primary implant stability in osteosynthesis locking screws under cyclic overloading by investigating the evolution of damage, dissipated energy, and permanent deformation. A custom-made test setup was used to test implanted 2.5 mm locking screws under cyclic overloading test. For each loading cycle, maximum forces and displacement were recorded as well as initial and final cycle displacements and used to calculate damage and energy dissipation evolution. The results of this study demonstrate that for axial, shear, and mixed loading significant damage and energy dissipation can be observed at approximately 20 % of the failure force. Additionally, at this load level, permanent deformations on the screw-bone interface were found to be in the range of 50 to 150 mm which promotes osseointegration and secondary implant stability. This research can assist surgeons in making informed preoperative decisions by providing a better understanding of the critical point of loss of primary implant stability, thus improving the long-term success of the implant and overall patient satisfaction.

Seiten (von - bis)104143
FachzeitschriftMedical Engineering and Physics
PublikationsstatusAngenommen/Im Druck - 04 März 2024


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