Bevacizumab mitigates codon-specific effects of trifluridine/tipiracil on efficacy outcome parameters in metastatic colorectal cancer

B. Doleschal*, H. Taghizadeh, T. Lentner, J.m. Riedl, J. Granitzer, D. Morariu, J. Decker, K.j. Aichberger, G. Webersinke, P. Kirchweger, A. Petzer, H. Rumpold

*Korrespondierende:r Autor:in für diese Arbeit

Publikation: Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift (peer-reviewed)Artikel in Fachzeitschrift

Abstract

Background: Molecular informed therapy changed treatment patterns of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Recently KRAS G12, the most prevalent RAS mutation in mCRC, was investigated to be a negative predictive marker for the efficacy of trifluridine/tipiracil (FTD/TPI). Whether this proposed selectivity remains when FTD/TPI is combined with bevacizumab remains elusive. We aimed to describe the efficacy of FTD/TPI + bevacizumab depending on the RAS mutational status in a real-world population. Patients and methods: Patients from five different cancer centers in Austria who received FTD/TPI + bevacizumab in any treatment line having available information on their molecular profile were eligible. Data were retrospectively collected by chart review. Survival data were compared using log-rank test. Multivariate Cox regression models included several established covariates. Results: One hundred and twenty-three patients with mCRC were included in this study. Median overall survival (OS) was highly similar in the RAS wild type (WT) [9.63 months (95% confidence interval [CI] 8.055-13.775 months)] and the RAS mutant cohorts [8.78 months (95% CI 8.055-11.014 months)], which was confirmed in a multivariable model adjusting for potential confounders; hazard ratio (HR): 1.05 (95% CI 0.618-1.785; P = 0.857). In addition, no effect of KRAS G12 status on patient outcome was observed. In detail, OS was 8.88 months (95% CI 7.332-12.921 months) in patients with KRAS G12 mutation, compared to 9.47 months (95% CI 8.088-11.375 months) in patients with RAS WT/no-KRAS G12 disease [HR: 0.822 (95% CI 0.527-1.282; P = 0.387)]. Conclusion: This real-world study indicates that the efficacy of FTD/TPI + bevacizumab is independent of RAS mutational status and that bevacizumab may therefore mitigate the potentially limited efficacy of FTD/TPI monotherapy in the KRAS G12-mutated population.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Aufsatznummer102064
Seiten (von - bis)102064
FachzeitschriftESMO Open
Jahrgang8
Ausgabenummer6
Frühes Online-Datum16 Nov. 2023
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Dez. 2023

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