Antibody Conjugates Bispecific for Pollen Allergens and ICAM-1 with Potential to Prevent Epithelial Allergen Transmigration and Rhinovirus Infection

Christina Weichwald, Ines Zettl, Isabella Ellinger, Katarzyna Niespodziana, Eva E Waltl, Sergio Villazala-Merino, Daniel Ivanov, Julia Eckl-Dorna, Verena Niederberger-Leppin, Rudolf Valenta, Sabine Flicker

Publikation: Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift (peer-reviewed)Artikel in Fachzeitschrift

Abstract

Allergy and rhinovirus (RV) infections are major triggers for rhinitis and asthma, causing a socioeconomic burden. As RVs and allergens may act synergistically to promote airway inflammation, simultaneous treatment strategies for both causative agents would be innovative. We have previously identified the transmembrane glycoprotein intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) as an anchor for antibody conjugates bispecific for ICAM-1 and Phleum pratense (Phl p) 2, a major grass pollen allergen, to block allergen transmigration through the epithelial barrier. Since ICAM-1 is a receptor for the major group RVs, we speculated that our bispecific antibody conjugates may protect against RV infection. Therefore, we created antibody conjugates bispecific for ICAM-1 and the major grass pollen allergen Phl p 5 and analyzed their capacity to affect allergen penetration and RV infection. Bispecific antibody conjugates significantly reduced the trans-epithelial migration of Phl p 5 and thus the basolateral Phl p 5 concentration and allergenic activity as determined by humanized rat basophilic leukemia cells and inhibited RV infection of cultured epithelial cells. A reduction in allergenic activity was obtained only through the prevention of allergen transmigration because the Phl p 5-specific IgG antibody did not block the allergen-IgE interaction. Our results indicate the potential of allergen/ICAM-1-specific antibody conjugates as a topical treatment strategy for allergy and RV infections.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Aufsatznummer2725
FachzeitschriftInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Jahrgang24
Ausgabenummer3
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 01 Feb. 2023

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