Administration of the bisphosphonate ibandronate (BM 21.0955) by intravenous bolus injection

M Pecherstorfer, H Ludwig, K Schlosser, S Buck, H J Huss, J J Body

Publikation: Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift (peer-reviewed)Artikel in Fachzeitschrift

66 Zitate (Scopus)


Bisphosphonates (BPs) are used for the treatment of both benign and malignant diseases characterized by increased bone resorption. Because of their potential nephrotoxicity, currently available BPs have to be administered by slow intravenous infusion, with conventional doses requiring an infusion time of at least 2 h. In the present investigation, we evaluated the safety and efficacy of the new BP ibandronate as administered by intravenous bolus injection. On day 0, 15 normocalcemic breast cancer patients with bone metastases were treated with 3 mg of ibandronate injected intravenously over 60-120 s. Ibandronate treatment led to significant decreases in serum levels of calcium (p < 0.0001) and phosphate (p < 0.0001) and to subsequent increases in serum concentrations of parathyroid hormone (p <0.0001) and calcitriol (p <0.0001). Moreover, there was a significant reduction in the urinary excretion of calcium (p <0.0001), pyridinoline (p <0.001), and deoxypyridinoline (p < 0.0001). Three serious adverse events were observed: vomiting (WHO grade 3), pulmonary infection (WHO grade 2), and deterioration of a pre-existing impaired glucose tolerance (WHO grade 3). Only vomiting appeared to be related to administration of the drug. The most frequent nonserious adverse events were 10 cases of transient clinically asymptomatic hypocalcemia and 8 cases of asymptomatic hypophosphatemia. Serum levels of creatinine and urea nitrogen did not increase, nor did creatinine clearance deteriorate. When tested with the dipstick method, proteinuria was present in five (33%) patients prior to ibandronate treatment (median protein concentration, 30 mg/dl). Following the BP injection, seven (47%) patients showed slight (highest protein concentration, 30 mg/dl) transient proteinuria at at least one time point, of which six cases appeared in conjunction with leucocyturia and three with microhematuria. Side effects specific to aminosubstituted BPs (fever, reduction in white blood cell counts, and lymphocyte counts) were not seen in these 15 patients. In conclusion, a single intravenous injection of 3 mg of ibandronate significantly inhibited osteoclast activity as reflected by the decrease in serum calcium and in urinary parameters of bone resorption. Serum creatinine levels and estimates of creatinine clearance were not affected by therapy. However, before repeated bolus injections of ibandronate at this dosage can be recommended for further clinical trials, whether a relationship exists between the transient pathological urinary findings and injected ibandronate needs to be determined.

Seiten (von - bis)587-93
FachzeitschriftJournal of Bone and Mineral Research
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Mai 1996
Extern publiziertJa


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