Sneddon syndrome is a rare disorder affecting small and medium-sized blood vessels that is characterized by the association of livedo reticularis and stroke. We performed whole-exome sequencing (WES) in 2 affected siblings of a consanguineous family with childhood-onset stroke and identified a homozygous nonsense mutation within the epidermal growth factor repeat (EGFr) 19 of NOTCH3, p.(Arg735Ter). WES of 6 additional cases with adult-onset stroke revealed 2 patients carrying heterozygous loss-of-function variants in putative NOTCH3 downstream genes, ANGPTL4, and PALLD. Our findings suggest that impaired NOTCH3 signaling is one underlying disease mechanism and that bi-allelic loss-of-function mutation in NOTCH3 is a cause of familial Sneddon syndrome with pediatric stroke.
|Seiten (von - bis)||810-816|
|Fachzeitschrift||Journal of Neurology|
|Publikationsstatus||Veröffentlicht - März 2021|