A limitation of the Cognitive Reflection Test: familiarity

Stefan Stieger, Ulf-Dietrich Reips

Publikation: Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift (peer-reviewed)Artikel in Fachzeitschrift

49 Zitate (Scopus)


The Cognitive Reflection Test (CRT; Frederick, 2005) is a frequently used measure of cognitive vs. intuitive reflection. It is also a frequently found entertaining 'test' on the Internet. In a large age-stratified community-based sample (N = 2,272), we analyzed the impact of having already performed the CRT or any similar task in the past. Indeed, we found that 44% of participants had experiences with these tasks, which was reflected in higher CRT scores (Cohen's d = 0.41). Furthermore, experienced participants were different from naïve participants in regard to their socio-demographics (younger, higher educated, fewer siblings, more likely single or in a relationship than married, having no children). The best predictors of a high CRT score were the highest educational qualification (4.62% explained variance) followed by the experience with the task (3.06%). Therefore, we suggest using more recent multi-item CRTs with newer items and a more elaborated test construction.

Seiten (von - bis)e2395
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2016
Extern publiziertJa

ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete

  • Neurowissenschaften (insg.)
  • Biochemie, Genetik und Molekularbiologie (insg.)
  • Agrar- und Biowissenschaften (insg.)


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